How New Technologies Can Impact Wine Production

By Food and Beverages | Wednesday, January 06, 2021

The wine industry is applying new technologies with IoT to increase production and improve wine quality.

FREMONT, CA: The wine industry's difficulties are piling up, meaning that the introduction of new technology has come at a significant time. Viticulture is an age-old industry, but real-time data analysis, precision recommendations, and recent developments in the Internet of Things (IoT) are helping vineyards increase production and yield better quality wines.

The growing role of technology in the wine industry

By using sensors to turn farms into intelligent systems that can feel and communicate climatic, environmental, and other operating practices and threats, IoT can help overcome these challenges. In order to support informed forecasts, sensor data is combined with information from other sources, like historical data on vineyard characteristics and prior vintage performance.

Vineyards can use weather stations, soil sensors, and drones to collect data on moisture, nitrogen content, biomass index, soil electrical conductivity, weed, and disease affliction, using IoT concepts to measure them against the predicted growth level. The connection allows farmers to get the right advice to use the right inputs, such as fertilizers, fungicides, herbicides, and irrigation plans, at the right time.

Top 10 Wine Tech Companies - 2020The goal is precision viticulture, where optimizing day-to-day operations means that IoT can lower reduce labor costs and make farms more effective, while technology will offer a valuable way to avoid devastating disease and pest losses in the longer term.

IoT sensors can help irrigation

The water level in the vine is an essential measure in precision viticulture, which appears to limit the maturation of the grapes if a vine lacks water. IoT sensors that measure soil moisture can help winegrowers recognize the locations where the most water is taken up by roots, helping to track the impact of rainfall and irrigation, particularly in New World vineyards. To avoid changes in taste and preserve quality, harvesting the grapes should be done as quickly as possible, so it is necessary to predict the optimum time for picking.

Crop input and soil quality

The awareness and monitoring of environmental factors, including air and soil temperature, pH, precipitation, and UV and solar radiation exposure, will directly enhance production practices, such as where to plant for the best results. In order to produce a specific wine, the IoT will recognize and track areas with distinct climatic conditions. Vineyards may also take advantage of next-generation precision planters to support farmers who depend on higher-yield technology.

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