Artificial Intelligence in Poultry

Food and Beverages | Tuesday, August 30, 2022

Aside from people, technology has also improved the lives of animals. For example, thanks to technology, humans can run the poultry industry 24 hours a day, correctly measure the resources, and maintain the animals comfortable.

FREMONT, CA: In the current IT-driven world, gadgets and electronic devices have become integral to daily lives. Technology allows people to carry out routine tasks efficiently and with ease. Around this period, people all carry a miniature computer (smartphone) in their pockets, connecting to the internet, and providing them with abundant options and information. Modern technologies, like artificial intelligence (AI), robots, sensor devices, drones, augmented reality, the internet of things (IoT), and mobile apps can conduct smart livestock farming/precision farming. Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to a computer's capacity to perform tasks humans generally perform and need human intelligence and perception. In a nutshell, AI is the science of a computer mimicking human skills.

Poultry producers face significant challenges associated with such industry-level production, comprising pressure on production costs, animal welfare, a lack of skilled and trained labor, escalating antimicrobial resistance, and environmental impact. AI may help in resolving several current poultry industry challenges. Simultaneously, most farms continue to collect data manually and then have it processed by computers. By 2050, a poultry farm will be estimated to generate 4.1 million data points through various sensors and other connected devices.

Through AI-based technologies collecting data automatically and accurately in real-time allows in-depth analysis, enabling us to take an instant action to improve the farm's production performance. AI can understand both supervised and unsupervised data. Supervised learning coach the AI on pre-existing data sets restricted to specific governed tasks. For instance, they estimate the expected body weight of a particular broiler line under local conditions. Unsupervised learning allows for data categorization and detection of trends without specific programming. Using cloud-supported resources can analyze huge amounts of data to offer advance notice of a specific outcome.

Big data & data mining would be the most innovative tools available to poultry farmers to maximize the return on their investment. Unfortunately, few ICT companies are focusing on forecasting performance based on real-time records and data collection; this will support farmers in making informed decisions about farm production optimization. In hi-tech farms, diverse sensors were used to monitor bird weight, temperature, feed and water consumption, humidity, ammonia levels, CO2 levels, and other parameters.

Computer-supervised machinery and robotics can considerably decrease human interaction with farm birds, reducing the source of infection and growing the amount of productive work done compared to a human counterpart. Using AI, the error rate can be reduced to the lowest level. The system can work 24 hours a day, seven days a week, raising farming efficiency and maximizing farm profit. AI can transform traditional industrial farming into smart or AI-assisted poultry farming.

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